Coffee History

Coffee History

The first time the tree of coffee was discovered comes from the highlands in Ethiopia, which at that time was wild plants in Ethiopia. Then the coffee plants from here was developed in the Arabian Peninsula around the 15th century, which became famous Arabica Coffee. Arabica coffee is now the most widely type of coffee produced in the world, reaching more than 60 percent of world coffee production.

According to legend, coffee was discovered by a young Arab named Kaldi, a goat shepherd. He always noticed that the goat is always showing symptoms of joy after biting seeds and leaves of green plants. Out of curiosity, he tried to plant seeds and feel the effects of the spirit and joy. This discovery eventually spread by word of mouth, since it was born the legend of Arab coffee.

In 1610, the first coffee crop grown in India. The Dutch began to study the proliferation of coffee in 1614. Then in 1616, they managed to obtain seeds and plants lush coffee and immediately establish coffee plantations in Ceylon and the land of Java (Indonesia) in 1830. Then by the Dutch, these plants spread to the Dutch colony in Central America as in Suriname and the Caribbean. Then the nation of France was also interested in the coffee trade. They bought coffee seeds from Holland and then developed in Réunion Island east of Madagascar. But they failed to develop the coffee here. Then in 1723, the French tried to expand plants in the area of the island of Martinique coffee. In the 1800s, developed the coffee plants in Hawaii. Later these plants were also developed in Brazil and other areas.

WORD ORIGIN COFFEE

The word coffee or coffee in the English language comes from Arabic qahwah, which means strength. Then said the coffee that we know today comes from the Turkish language is kahveh which then later became Koffie coffee in Dutch and in English. The word is absorbed into “kopi” in the Indonesian language.

COFFEE FROM ANTIQUITY UNTIL NOW

Coffee was originally used as a food product. Then the coffee is used as a substitute for wine. Later coffee is also used as medicine. And now coffee is famous as the drink is quite popular.

At first the coffee is used as food. All coffee beans are destroyed, then add oil. Then the dough is shaped round and into food. Until today, some tribes in Africa still take coffee in the form like that.

Later, the coffee used in place of wine. Coffee beans created as a beverage similar to wine. Some people make a drink like this by pouring boiling water into the coffee beans that have been dried.

As a drug, coffee can be beneficial for treating migraines, headaches, heart disorders, chronic asthma and bowel disorders. However, excessive coffee consumption can be bad. If consumed in excess of coffee can increase stomach acid, causing tension, and accelerated heartbeat. In addition, coffee consumption in excess, often associated with stomach ulcers.

Later, the coffee is used as the drink is quite delicious. Coffee beans are dried and then roasted and milled in the shells. The result then could be a delicious coffee beverage. Recently found coffee bean grinding machine that allows the production of coffee as a beverage.

USE VARIOUS COFFEE

Various distinctive flavor of coffee make pleasant sensation in the mouth. For example, iced coffee or iced coffee which is usually refreshing sweet. Coffee-flavored ice cream was also a favorite for many people. Coffee is also one of the basic ingredients taste several kinds of coffee cake. And most popular are plain coffee and milk coffee.

But scientists are also investigating other benefits from coffee. Remainder of the coffee powder is useful as a good fertilizer. In addition, some disinfectants and insulation products for walls, floors and roofs can also be made from coffee. Glycerin is a by-product of soap, can be made from coffee oil. Coffee oil is also commonly used as materials for paint, soap, and other products.

Coffee beans can be useful for a variety of products and uses. However, the most popular course as a delicious drink that drink a lot of people every day.

From time to time:

  • 700: Coffee was first introduced by the Arabs along with the spread of Islam, the source of the first coffee at Mocha one of the areas in Yemen.
  • 1000: Arab merchant brought in the coffee beans into the Middle East and cultivate first for the first time in history.
  • Ibnu Sina investigate the chemical substances contained in coffee, this is the first document in the know who dissected copies of medical science and health.
  • 1400: Coffee spread rapidly in the Arabian Peninsula, mainly in Mecca and Medina.
  • 1453: Ottoman Turks introduced coffee to Constantinople, there was opened the first coffee shop in the world and called KIVA HAN.
  • 1511: Coffee drinks which are considered sacred by the Sultan of Mecca this because for mengkonter tndak up of the action Khait Beg who want to ban coffee.
  • 1600: Pope Clement VII to allow Christians to drink coffee after they come in a variety of debate because it comes from Ottman coffee drinks and in the same year entered the Italian coffee drinks.
  • Coffee was first entered into the Indian Peninsula (Asia Minor) that was brought by the Baba Budan after perform a pilgrimage in Mecca.
  • 1607: Captain John Smith introduced coffee to North America while on duty to find Kolonia Virginia at Jamestown.
  • 1616: Coffee was brought to Holland from local Mocca in Yemen.
  • 1645: The first coffee shop opened in Italy, exactly in the city of Venice.
  • 1650: The first coffee shop in the UK (Christian Country) opened precisely in the city of Oxford.
  • 1658: Dutch first open plantations in Sri Lanka (Ceylon).
  • 1668: The coffee shop “Edward Lloyd’s” first opened in London, from the results of this coffee shop was later Edward Llyoyd’s opened the world’s leading insurance company Lloyds of London Insurance.
  • Coffee transform the beer as a favorite beverage in America.
  • 1669: Drink coffee was introduced in Paris by Turkish Ambassador To the King Louis XIV.
  • 1670: City of London filled with coffee shops and almost in all the corners filled with coffee lovers.
  • 1670: Coffee was introduced in Germany.
  • 1672: The coffee shop was first opened in the City of Paris.
  • 1674: Women’s Petition against coffee issued in London.
  • 1675: King Charles II shut the whole coffee shop in London, the main accusation is a coffee shop as a place of agreement plot.
  • Franz Georg Kulchitsky inventor claims that filtered coffee drinks, given a sweetener and milk.
  • 1679: The chemist in Marseilles, France testified that coffee destructive and dangerous to health.
  • 1679: The first coffee shop opened in Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1688: More than 800 local coffee shop opened in Soho (England). Especially by Christian Calvinists refugees from France (Huguenots).
  • 1689: a typical French café first opened, named Café de Procope, although theatmosphere of crisis after the announcement of coffee harmful to health.
  • 1690: The Dutch began to distribute and cultivate coffee beans in Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
  • The first coffee shop called The King’s Arms opened in New York.
  • 1696: First coffee planted in Java (brought by the Netherlands) and became the most important commodity crops in the Dutch East Indies.
  • Java Coffee studied Dutch in Amsterdam.
  • 1714: The first version: Java Coffee research results, the Dutch introduced and plantedin the Jardin des Plantes by King Louis XIV.
  • The second version: Gabriel Mathieu do Clieu managed to steal beans from the Netherlands who successfully cultivated in Java and given to the French King Louis XIV to be planted in Martinique and a source of 90% of current world coffee types.
  • 1722: Florian stay open coffee shop in Florence.
  • 1723: Gabriel du Lieu bring coffee beans from France to Martinique.
  • 1727: Francisco de Mello brought coffee beans from France for planting in Brazil.
  • 1730: England grow coffee in Jamaica.
  • 1732: Johann Sebastian Bach compose Coffee Cantata, in Leipzig. Cantata describes the spiritual journey as well as a parody of the fear of Germans against the rapid popularity of coffee in Germany (the German fans of beer).
  • 1777: King of Germany (Prussia) announced a ban on criticism and coffee, andannounced as the national drink German beer Kingdom.
  • 1790: British coffee shop is a typical beginning to disappear slowly replaced by a beertavern (tavern).
  • 1802: Cafe as a word that shows the place was introduced in Britain (before coffeehouse). This word comes from the French word ‘eafé’ and almost the same in Italian’Caffe’. Café shows a place that is a main restaurant with a menu of coffee drinks.
  • 1809: Coffee was first imported from Brazil into the U.S. market in Salem, Massachusetts.
  • 1822: Prototypes of an espresso coffee machine made in France.
  • 1839: The word ‘Cafeteria’ was introduced as a hybrid word from Mexico, Spain and England.
  • 1859: Michael Thonet’s Vienna Café chair No. 14 seat coffee house special was first introduced as a ‘bench suitable for use while sipping coffee. “
  • 1869: Coffee leaf rust (fungus coffee) was first discovered in Sri Lanka and coffeeplants in Asia.
  • 1873: Coffee in bulk packaging was first introduced in America by John Arbukle.
  • 1882: Formed the New York Coffee Exchange.
  • 1900: The Hill’s Bros company commercializing the first time coffee beverage cans.
  • 1901: Satori Kato managed to produce a fast-food coffee drinks for the first time.
  • 1903: Ludwig Roselius a descendant of Germany, succeeded in separating thecaffeine from coffee beans and sells its products under the name sanka in America.
  • Modern espresso machine made by Fernando illy.
  • Brazil raise coffee prices after creating the price (exchange rate) fixed for thecommodity coffee.
  • 1909: Lyons Corner House was introduced to the British public.
  • 1910: Germany make decaf coffee (caffeine in coffee substance reduction to a minimum) and was introduced to America by the name Dekafa.
  • 1911: Traders coffee in the U.S. to form the National Coffee Association.
  • 1925: Vienna Café chair No. 14 were included in the exhibition L’esprit Nouveau inFrance by Le Corbusier. Until 1933 this bench model produced more than 50 million.
  • 1927: Espresso machines were first introduced in America. The first coffee shop thatuses the name ‘La Pavoni’ in New York. This machine is specially designed byrenowned Italian architect Gio Ponti.
  • 1928: Colombian Coffee Federation is formed.
  • 1930-1944: Brazil wipe out 78 million bags of coffee to stabilize prices.
  • 1938: Cremonesi made a piston pump that can spray hot water at high speed to make coffee.
  • Nestle company commercializing products for the first time that coffee was namedNescafe in Switzerland.
  • 1938: Nestle find instant coffee in Brazil. Nestle up to now is the largest producer of instant coffee in the world.
  • 1939-1945: U.S. troops bring instant coffee in the war and introduced to the world.
  • 1942: Coffee to be goods that are stored by stealth. In England at this time on a certain amount of rationed coffee.
  • 1946: Gaggia Factory produces commercial cappuccino machine for the first time.The word cappuccino comes from the color frock Capucin (flow Francisian-1529).
  • Achilles Gaggia managed to make Moccacino coffee for the first time.
  • 1948: Achilles Gaggia found espresso machines in bulk in Milan.
  • 1952: Gaggia machines imported into the UK. In this year’s coffee shop after the second world war for the first time opened in London in July.
  • 1953: Bar Espresso spread throughout Soho. The first time was on the road Mocha 29Frith Street.
  • 1954: Limitation of the ownership of commodities such as coffee ends with the end ofthe second world war transitional period.
  • 1960: Coffee Bar recorded doubled from 1.000 to 2.000 across the UK, mostly inLondon, about 500 pieces.
  • 1962: Peak of coffee consumption per capita in the United States, 3 cups per personper day.
  • 1962: International Covenant on coffee trade is made, the intent to control prices.
  • 1964: Coffee Bar dying in England, replaced by restaurants with a variety of dishes.
  • 1965: 460 Wimpy fast-food outlets café network spread across the UK. 8 outlets on Oxford street.
  • 1969: Wimpy’s cafe began to decline.
  • 1970: Micah cynical café closed after complaints by American writer William S.Burrough.
  • 1971: The first Starbucks outlet opened in Seattle.
  • 1973: Fair Trade Coffee was first imported to Europe from Guatemala.
  • 1975: Brazil suffer because of failed harvests, world coffee prices soared.
  • 1989: International Coffee Agreement fails to stabilize prices. In the history of the coffee trade down to its lowest level.
  • 1990: Some coffee shops close due to the arrangement of space (redevelopment) in the UK.
  • Introduced organic coffee that are excellent in the world coffee market.
  • 1998: Starbucks to 2,000 stores in the U.S.. 5715 outlets worldwide. While in Indonesia has opened as many as 11 outlets. Starbucks positioned itself as a coffee shop with the largest network worldwide.
  • 2010: Che Nun Coffee Luwak beginning in mass production with a location in the Way Tenung, Lampung, Sumatra.
  • 2011: The first coffee outlet Che Nung Luwak Coffee at the open on the WTC ManggaDua, Jakarta, Indonesia.